Prostate cancer is one of the top ten leading cancer types in India. It affects males who are usually in the age group of 65 years and above. If detected early, prostate cancer is curable- it has a survival rate of around 65% in India.
Prostate cancer generally begins in the prostate gland, which is present between the penis and bladder. The prostate gland is involved infunctions like –
1.Production of the fluid which nourishes and transports the sperm.
2.Secretion of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), which helps the semen to retain its liquid state.
3.It also helps males to control micturition reflexes i.e. urination.
Cancer of the prostate gland is one of the highest occurring cancer types worldwide. Surveys reveal that one in every nine males are diagnosed with this disease at some point in their life. However, the survival rate is higher than the death rate- only 1 in 41 males die due to prostate cancer. Effective and efficient treatment in the early stage by experienced doctors of the Best oncology Hospital in Delhi, Saroj Hospital, can stop the spread of this cancer.
What causes prostate cancer?
The causes of prostate cancer can range from specific changes in the glandular cells to the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells in your prostate gland, known as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN).
Studies suggest that over 50% of males above the age of 50 years have PIN. Initially, the cells which grow are normal, but they can turn cancerous with time. These can be high or low-grade cancer cells- the higher the grade, the more they are likely to spread.
Who is more likely to get prostate cancer?
The risk factors that might increase the chances of getting prostate cancers are –
1.Age – Prostate cancers are most common among elderly males, especially after 50 years.
2.Ethnicity – It has been noticed that Asians and Hispanics are at a lower risk of getting this disease than black males.
3.Family history – If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you should be more careful.
Apart from these, diet, unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, drinking), obesity, vasectomy, sexually transmitted diseases, prostate inflammation can also cause prostate cancer.
It is important to note that trans people who were male at birth also risk getting this cancer type.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer comes with no initial symptoms during the early stage, so screening is essential for detecting the changes that might indicate cancer. The initial screening tests check for the PSA level in your blood; the higher the level, the greater is the risk of getting cancer.
Some of the early symptoms of prostate cancer include –
1.Complications with urination- starting or controlling it.
2.A frequent urge to urinate, especially during the nighttime.
3.The presence of blood or semen in urine.
4.Pain while urinating and/or ejaculating.
6.If the prostate gets enlarged, there will be discomfort and pain even while sitting.
If you want to undertake a screening for prostate cancer, then you must first consult with the best oncologist doctor in mumbai For appropriate screening tests to determine your health conditions, do visit any of the leading healthcare facilities in the city like Saroj Hospital.
There are some advanced symptoms too, which should also be a call of concern –
1.Pain in the bone, especially in your thighs, hips, and lower parts of the body.
3.Sudden weight loss.
4.A feeling of tiredness all the time
5.Change in the habits of your bowel movements.
6.Continuous back pain.
If you have been detected with prostate cancer you can avail world-class treatment today at Saroj Hospital, the Best Hospital in Delhi. They have a team of experienced oncologists and the finest infrastructure that ensure the best quality of treatment and care for patients.